After the patient is advised that their heart problem is because of faulty or diseased aortic valve, they recommend Aortic Valve Replacement Surgery by their physician. They’re plagued with terms like stenosis, calcification, regurgitation, congestive heart failure, congenital bicuspid aortic valve, and a great deal of other terms which are in themselves confusing and frightening. Let’s clear up some of the terms before discussing the surgery itself.
Stenosis means the aortic valve repair Singapore has narrowed and does not open and shut properly, generally due to calcium build-up (which is known as calcification) around the opening of the valve. Regurgitation means the valve only does not shut tightly and blood that is pumped from the heart to the Aorta tends to flow back into the heart (Rheumatic fever is a frequent cause of the problem). Congestive heart failure means the heart is not able to pump the blood to the body because of faulty valves or narrowed. People who have a bicuspid aortic valve have a valve that has two insets (or leaflets, or cusps) rather than the normal three, and it is a defect they’ve had since birth.
Since the heart can’t beat during the surgery, the patient is hooked up to a heart-lung machine which ensures oxygen is circulated through the body. The heart is stopped so the surgeon can repair or replace valve. Minimally invasive heart valve surgery can be performed alternatively. This choice involves cuts that are smaller in the torso which result in less pain and a quicker recovery.